Onjinjintka Owakpamni/Rosebud Community History

This information was taken from the following sources: Annual Report of the Commissioner of Indian Affairs, 1897; Crusading Along Sioux Trails: A History of the Catholic Indian Missions of South Dakota by Sister Mary Claudia Duratschek, OSB, Ph.D.; Brule': The Sioux People of the Rosebud by Paul Dyck; The Sioux of the Rosebud: A History in Pictures, Photographs by John A. Anderson by Henry W. Hamilton and Jean Tyree Hamilton; Map accompanying the Rosebud Indian Reservation Annual Report, 1885.

Churches: Protestant Episcopal Mission and Church of Jesus Catholic Church.

Buildings: Agency buildings included the Agent's office and home, Army and Indian Police Headquarters, a supply depot, Jordan Trading Post, and the home of the Agency interpreter Louis Roubideaux. By 1885 there were 59 houses at the Agency and along the creek. Later a hotel and hospital were built. An agency postoffice was established in 1872 named "Spotted Tail." This postoffice moved with the agency several times before Rosebud was defined as the permanent agency site in 1878.

Families: Louis Roubideaux, Charles P. Jordan married Winyan hcaka, the True Woman (she was an Oglala), Jack Whipple married Hollow Horn Bear's half sister. There were 59 unidentified houses in Rosebud in 1885.

Issue Station: The old Paulhamus store was at one time an Issue Station.

Location: Rosebud Community began as the Indian Agency on Rosebud Creek in present-day Todd County about 35 miles northwest of Valentine, NE. It was in Farm District No. I in 1885.

Newspaper: Rosebud Sioux Herald (Eyapaha) was born on Aug. 5, 1963 as a bi-weekly newspaper and on Aug. 18, 1969 it became a weekly. It orginally grew out of a mimeographed paper published by Frank LaPointe. He has been editor of the Eyapaha since its founding, except for 1967 when it was edited by Elmer LaPointe Jr. The last issue was printed June 7, 1971 when it merged with the Todd County Tribune and Mellette County News because publishing the tribal newspaper in its present form was to costly for the tribe. (Rosebud Sioux Herald, 7 June 1971)

Origins: Rosebud Creek was named after the rose bushes that grow wild along the creek.


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