Antelope(Nige Sanla)/Mission/White Horse History

This information was taken from the following sources: Lakota Archives and Historical Reserch Center Rosebud Sioux Tribe Sites Project, Prepared with a FY 93 Historic Preservation Fund Grant from the National Park Service, 1995. Trails and Forts: History of Exploration and Settlement by Milo Koskan, 2005. Map accompanying the Rosebud Indian Reservation Annual Report, 1885.

Churches: Catholic, Episcopal.

Schools: Rosebud Boarding School, St. Mary's Episcopal School for Girls, Bishop Hare Episcopal School, and Todd County Schools.

Buildings: A postoffice was established in Sec. 5, T38N, R28W in 1912 with the proposed name of Antelope which continues to serve the Mission, Antelope, and White Horse area. The postoffice was actually named Mission and was moved to Sec. 32, T39N, R28W in 1913. The Todd County Tribune (6/7/1973) reported that the Mission Hotel was the first building to be erected on the new townsite, later named Mission, on the S.H. Kimmel ranch. After completion in March 1913 it was owned and operated by the Kimmels until 1917 and since then changed hands a number of times. The hotel was demolished in June 1973.

Families: The following families were living in the Antelope area in 1885: Eagle Dog, Little Dog, Stiff Arm, Bapt. Clairmont, Henry Clairmont, Look for Him, Mexican, Tall Man, Crazy Horse, Long Hair, White Bank, Bear Thunder, Crow Eagle, Peter Decorah, Si. Lunderman, Iron Heart, Ring Shield, Patterson, Med. Elk, Rain W. C., and Chas. Ellston. The following families were living along Little Oak Creek north of the Antelope area in 1885: Red Hair, Running Eagle, Roan Horse, Little Scout, Poor Elk, In the Butte, John Bigler, Mouse, Crawler, Brings Pipe, Yellow Hair, Spotted Elk, Pure Elk, Eagle Tail, Iron on the Head, and White Yellow Fox.

Issue Station:

Location: Antelope was located in Farm District No. I in 1885. Later the town of Mission, SD developed around the original settlement and the S.H. Kimmel ranch. Today Antelope housing area is east of Mission proper along SD Highway 18.

Origins: Nige Sanla or Antelope communty originated in the 1880s but the present area of "Antelope" was formed in 1966 with the introduction of tribal housing to the area east of Mission. North Antelope used to be called Upper Horse Creek and the White Horse and Thin Elk families lived there.


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